What is hepatitis and symptoms?

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Hepatitis viruses

Hepatitis:

Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver. And hepatitis viruses are the most common cause of hepatitis in the world. But the other infections also cause hepatitis like toxic substances and autoimmune diseases. Your liver is located on the upper right side of the abdomen. There also discus about symptoms of hepatitis, and It performs a lot of critical functions which affects metabolism throughout your body, includes:

  • Bile production, which is necessary for digestion.
  • Breakdown of carbohydrates and protein.
  • Emission of bilirubin, hormones, and drugs.
  • Activation of enzymes.
  • Storage of glycogen vitamins A, D, E, and K.
  • Synthesis of blood proteins and clotting factors.

Types of viral hepatitis:

Viral infections of the liver that are classified as hepatitis. And included A, B, C, D, and E. Hepatitis A is an acute short-term disease. And hepatitis B, C, and D are more likely to continue and become chronic. But hepatitis E is usually severe but can be dangerous in pregnant women.

Hepatitis A (HAV):

Hepatitis A is the cause of liver infections with the hepatitis A virus. And this type of hepatitis is usually spread through eating and drinking which is contacted by a spread with infected persons with hepatitis A.

Hepatitis B (HBV):

Hepatitis B is spread through contact with infectious body fluid. Such as blood, semen, and vaginal secretions containing the hepatitis B virus. And injectable drug use, having sex with an infected partner increases your risk of getting hepatitis B.

Hepatitis C (HCV):

Hepatitis C is caused by an infection with the hepatitis C virus. But hepatitis C is spread through direct contact within factious body fluids. So this typically through injectable drug use, having sex with the infected partner. And hepatitis C virus is the most common blood-borne viral infection.

Hepatitis D (HDV):

Hepatitis D is a serious liver disease cause by the hepatitis D virus and also called the delta hepatitis virus. And the hepatitis D virus is an agreement through direct contact with infectious blood. So, HVD is an infection that causes the liver to become inflamed. But this inflammation can impair liver functions and cause long term liver problems.

Hepatitis E (HEV):

Hepatitis E is a serious acute disease. And it is cause by the hepatitis E virus that targets the liver. Hepatitis E is mainly found in areas where there is no sanitation. And this disease is uncommon in the United States.

Signs and symptoms of hepatitis:

Symptoms of hepatitis A (HAV):

  • Fatigue.
  • Sudden vomiting.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Dark urine.
  • Joint pain.
  • Yellow skin and white eyes.
  • Intense itching.

Symptoms of hepatitis B (HBV):

  • Abdominal pain.
  • Fever.
  • Joint pain.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Dark urine.
  • Vomiting.
  • Weakness.
  • Nausea.
  • Yellowing skin and whites of your eyes.

Symptoms of hepatitis C (HCV):

  • Swellings in your legs.
  • Fatigue.
  • Bleeding.
  • Poor appetite.
  • Dark urine.
  • Fluid buildup in your abdomen.
  • Weight loss.
  • Confusion.
  • Itchy skin.

Symptoms of hepatitis D (HDV):

  • Stomach problem.
  • Fatigue.
  • Not feeling hungry.
  • Dark-colored urine.
  • Belly pain.
  • Yellow skin and your eyes.
  • Joint pain.

Symptoms of hepatitis E (HEV):

  • Fatigue.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Fever.
  • Nausea.
  • Vomiting.
  • Joint pain.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Dark-colored urine.
  • Clay stool.

Treatment of hepatitis:

Treatment of hepatitis A (HAV):

Hepatitis A doesn’t require treatment because it’s short term disease. So, a good idea to see your GP for blood. And if you think you may have hepatitis A because even in a more serious situation such symptoms can occur. Then your GP can also give you treatment advice. And they may have regular blood tests to find out how your liver is working.

Treatment of hepatitis B (HBV):

Hepatitis B treatment depends on how long you have been infected:

  • The short term hepatitis B usually does not require specific treatment. Then treatment may be needed to relieve the symptoms.
  • The long term hepatitis B is often treated with medication to control the virus.

This type of treatment can be expensive because it should lasts for months or years. So treatment of chronic hepatitis B requires regular medical checkups.

Treatment of hepatitis C (HCV):

Hepatitis C can be successfully treated with medication for several weeks. So if the infection is diagnosed at an early stage, like acute hepatitis then treatment may not be start immediately. Instead, you may have a second blood test after a few months to see that your body is fighting the virus. And if the infection lasts for several months as chronic hepatitis. Then usually recommend the treatment.

Treatment of hepatitis D (HDV):

There are currently no antiviral drugs to treat hepatitis D. So hepatitis D can be prevented by getting the hepatitis B vaccine. Because hepatitis B infection requires hepatitis D to develop. And if you have cirrhosis and any other type of liver damage then you may need a liver transplant.

Treatment of hepatitis E (HEV):

Currently, there is no specific medical treatment for hepatitis E. Because the infection is often severe, it usually resolves on its own. So people with this type of infection are advise to rest adequately, get proper nutrients, and avoid alcohol.

 

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